Spend some meowsome time in these cat cafes in India and abroad

Looking for some ‘purrrrr’ therapy? If the idea of sharing your table with cuddly kitties sounds exciting, a cat cafe is the place for you. With so many cats around, you are spoiled for choice as to which darling to cuddle while sipping your coffee. From cat mugs to beautiful cat decor, these cafes are simply a paradise for staunch animal lovers. Not just minting money, these cafes are also serving a social cause by rescuing Indian cats and rehabilitating them.

Let’s have a look at them --

Cat Cafe Studio, Mumbai

Located in Mumbai, Cat Cafe Studio is India’s first cat cafe. It is an amazing place to lounge with your feline friends while sipping your freshly brewed coffee. There are more than 30 cats in this cafe with whom you can play and interact. Till date, about 300 cats have been adopted from the café.

Address: 63, Harminder Singh Road, Aram Nagar Part 1, Aram Nagar, Versova, Andheri West, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400061

If you are looking for lowest airfares, online cheap flight booking via ixigo is the best option for you. Compare the prices of various airlines through ixigo.com and choose the best deals.
The Cat Studio, Bangalore

The best way to de-stress yourself from the heavy load of traffic is spending some time with your furry friends. Located in Indiranagar, The Cat Studio is an abode to some of the cutest kitties ever. The ambiance of this cafe is very soothing and serves as a beautiful home for many rescued kittens. Even if you are not a cat fan, you must spend some time in this cafe as you never know purr therapy might work for you.


485, Jeevan Bima Nagar Main Rd, HAL 3rd Stage, LIC Colony, Sector 11, New Tippasandra, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560075

Brooklyn Cat Cafe, New York

If you are a cat lover, a visit to the Brooklyn Cat Cafe is sure to give you immense pleasure. Located in the Brooklyn Heights neighbourhood, this cafe provides a cosy space where you can spend leisure time with your feline friends. Most of the cats and kittens in this cafe are up for adoption and in search for loving homes. Also, the cafe has a wide menu with vegetarian and non-vegetarian delicacies.

Address: 149 Atlantic Ave, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA

Cats Republic, St. Petersburg, Russia

Home to the famous hermitage cats, Cats Republic is the first cat cafe in Russia. These furry comrades are used to save the Petersburg art collection from rats, and once they retire, they end up at the Cats Republic. They are given immense love and proper care at this cafe. Also, there is a beautiful library and a gift shop in this cafe.  

Address: 10, Yakubovichast. Saint Petersburg, Russia

Neko no Jikan, Osaka, Japan

Due to the strict no-pets policy in many of the Japanese apartments, it is no wonder that this country has the maximum number of cat cafes in the world. Neko no Jikan, opened in the year 2004, is the Japan’s first cat cafe. You can spend 1 hour with the cats at ¥1000 and with a drink at ¥1250.  

Address: 2 Chome-17-10 Nishishinsaibashi, Chuo Ward, Osaka, Osaka Prefecture 542-0086, Japan

Want to spend some time with the furry little balls of love? Pay a visit to your nearest cat cafe and spread some love :)

Where Everyday is a Happy Day! Happiest Countries Across the Globe

How about planning a trip to these happiest countries across the globe this vacation? Enjoy a break at these places where you can have happy holidays in the truest sense of the word. So, think no more, pack your bags and take your pick from the list:


Well, have you heard that Kingdom of Bhutan is the only country in the world which has a Gross National Happiness index? Sounds interesting, right? The mesmerizing Bhutan has a lot to offer to its travellers- serene monasteries, beautiful landscapes and lovely locals.


A country full of exotic beaches, beautiful plains and picturesque rainforests, the “Land of Grace” gives you a lot of reasons to be happy. Venezuela has an array of “not to miss” attractions which you would love to explore while you are here. The warm locals will make sure that you have a great vacation time amidst all the hustle bustle of your stay at this place.


The “Land of Kangaroos” is one of the happiest countries in the world and it’s time you should plan a trip here to find out more about this place. Termed as “Paradise Down Under”, Australia has so much for travellers- pristine beaches, the Great Barrier Reef, Blue Mountains, Sydney Opera House and many more. Come and explore all this on your next vacation. Book cheap flight tickets from Delhi to Sydney well in advance to avoid last minute hassles.


The beautiful Caribbean island is a haven for party lovers as the place is famous for its happening and vibrant parties all day long. Enjoy exciting water sports, delicious local cuisine, amazing beaches and electrifying parties and we are sure you are going to love your time spent here. There is not a single dull moment in Jamaica!

Costa Rica

Lush coffee plantations, expansive beaches and a carefree Caribbean lifestyle- is what Costa Rica is all about! All these interesting quotients make this place a happy destination where you can throw all your worries to unwind and relax over tempting drinks and awesome food. There are a lot of touristy attractions which should be on your not-to-miss list for that complete experience.

Some of the famous places include Arenal Volcano, Corcovado National Park, Manuel Antonio National Park, Pre-Columbian Gold Museum and Poas Volcano among others. And, if you are among those who love their leisure time, then all you have to do is, sip on a pina colada while you enjoy the amazing view of the sunset.


One of the most favourite destinations for us, Indians, Switzerland is also home to the happiest people on this planet. The breathtaking natural beauty, stunning views and warm locals make this place a must visit for a memorable vacation experience. Oh and did you know that there is a lake in Alpenrausch, “Chopra Lake”, which has been named after the legendary Bollywood filmmaker, Yash Chopra. Fascinating, isn’t it?

Sip some wine, spread some smiles and take that much needed break at these happiest countries in the world. Here is wishing you happy days ahead! :)

A Series of Pretty Homestays in Halong Bay

In spite of the fact that they are not luxury resorts that meet the international standards, the following series of homestay in Ha Long surely make tourists “overwhelmed” by their scenery, architecture, location, and atmosphere.

Banana and Rose Homestay, Ha Long

If you are looking for a homestay in Halong, you might give Banana and Rose a try. Stretching over an area of 300 square meters, including houses, gardens, and swimming pools, surrounded by lush green trees, the homestay surely “satisfy” your need of fully relaxing and staying away from the hustle and bustle of the urban life. The homestay is currently offering 6 bedrooms accommodating up to 16 guests. Spcecifically, the large room can afford the place for 6 people while the other small ones can cover 2 people.  The price of a room is from 950,000 VND (approximately 50$) per night.

Banana and Rose homestay is highly appreciated by the visitors in terms of the enthusiasm. They are ready to accompany foreign visitors to prepare Vietnamese dishes in the kitchen. From the homestay, you might go to the port to get a boat to Halong Bay or Cat Ba Island.

Ha Long Ginger Homestay, Ha Long

If you are engaged in green space and quiet atmosphere, you should definitely give Ha Long Ginger Homestay a try. The homestay is located near the center of Bai Chay tourist site, about 5 km from Tuan Chau Port.

There is one thing interesting that the homestay offers a large open garden in which the guests can organize warmly barbecue party or relax. This garden is taken care of by the landlord every day, so it’s very green and lush. Additionally, you might process your favorite dishes at the  shared kitchen. Each room is averagely priced at 500,000 VND (25$) per night.

In addition, you might stay at a 6 – layered bed room that costs over 200,000 VND (10$) per night.

The Most Stunning Trekking Route Ta Nang – Phan Dung in Vietnam

Stretching s across an area of 60 kilometers through 3 provinces namely Lam Dong, Ninh Thuan, and Binh Thuan, The exhilarating route of Ta Nang - Phan Dung seizes the title of the most beautiful trekking route in Vietnam. Furthermore, it is considered the tough but the rewarding journey to trekkers.  It might be the reason why all pack backers have desire of “conquering” this route. However, to make this dream comes true, you must have a good health, good mate, and strong mentality.

Our journey to Vietnam's most forest trekking lasts three days and two nights, beginning at Duc Trong (Lam Dong) and walking down to Phan Thiet. Our very first impression of this trekking route is the “toughness” that the posts on Internet merely mention rough mountain roads stretching over a few kilometers.

Our journey begins with jungle crossing, mountain climbing, and stream passing. We had to climb up and down slopes of 1,100  meters high. It was really valuable and memorable experience to us. You might engage in this amazing activity to find out your endurance and explore the charming nature. 

We did make detailed schedule for the 3-day-2-night journey.  In the evening of the first day, we caught a coach from Ho Chi Minh City to Duc Trong and stop at the three – way intersection into Ta Nang. We all got there at around 3 a.m, then, took a short rest and had breakfast at the nearby stir fried noodle restaurant. 

At  a.m, we asked the motorbike driver to take us to the rose house located at the entrance of the forest.  The charge is 250,000 VND (12$) / turn/ 2 people. You should not travel by car because of rough roads, so you will have to stop far from the forest entrance. On the way of reaching the destination, you go through several markets and grocery stores, so you can buy noodles, drinking water, milk, mini gas, etc. 

At 9 a.m, we got to the entrance of the forest. After gathering, we prepare the foods and drinks that are essential to the journey. Generally, we have to carry a backpack of about 15 kg weighs. At the beginning of the trekking, we went through many low pine forests in which you definitely feel free to grasp nice check – in pictures to enrich your trip. Then, we climbed up to high slopes that costed us a lot of energy and effort at the same time. At noon, we had lunch with bread with canned fish and pate, then take a short break to continue the journey. 

In the evening, we camped and grilled chickens that we did prepare for dinner.  It was not rainy that night but the temperature drops fast, so you need bring raincoats and warm clothes with you. Occasionally, we met some local residents cutting firewood and forest guard keeper patrolling. The point was that they were very nice to us. They showed us the shorter route and advised us to come back to save time. 

We woke up in the early morning of the next day to watch the striking sunrise, have breakfast, and continue the coming journey. Bear in mind, you should save water for the next stages unless you might face up to a big trouble. As what the forest watchers did tell us last night, we came back to Phan Dung three – way intersection (Tuy Phong district, Binh Thuan province). At noon, we met another group who showed us the way to the house of Sister Ot to get to the entrance of the forest.

At that time, we didn’t have water anymore while we might trek further 8 kilometers to reach the stream. Honestly, we were all exhausted and quite frustrated. At 4 p.m, we finally got to the streams for drinking water, bathing, etc. There, we met a scout group of students who did not find the way back, so they decided to set up the tent for camp. Actually, that place is a beautiful spot for camping but you should stay away from the edge of the stream to avoid being lost when it gets dark. 

When the night was coming, we prepared coffee and tea, sitting together, talking, and resting.

In the morning of the third day, we got up early, had noodle for breakfast, then, tidy up the camp. At that time, both groups decided to trek together to reach the exist of the forest.

At the entrance of the forest, you will see the house sister Ot that serve two ‘specialties” namely energy drink and noodles. After resting for a while, we hired a 16-seat coach to return Ho Chi Minh City. At 9 a.m, we were available at the city and completed our 3 – day – 2 – night trekking journey at the most beautiful trekking route in Vietnam.

Top 3 Most Attractive Building Coffee Shops in Hanoi

Tracce, Cu Xa and Yupio Homemade Cafe are 3 coffee shops that are hidden in the old collective buildings. Although it’s not easy to access to these destinations, young travelers still have a crush on them. 

The coffee houses in old buildings have been popular with people in Sai Gon over the past few years. However, you must spend time finding pretty and quiet ones in Hanoi. Of course, there is no shortage of coffee shops in Hanoi, but for the reason of the best building Café that are highly complimented by young people, I would recommend following three coffee shops.


Locating on the third floor of an old collective building, Tracce is elaborately and cleverly decorated that enables its guests to enjoy the quiet and cozy atmosphere. The different decoration of both floors provides guests with private space for the purpose of chatting, working and reading.

As you can feel, Tracce give you the coziness and simpleness. What mostly impresses its guests is the stunning balcony that is always full of sunlight. In a free afternoon, you should get there with your favorite book, then, order a cup of tea and leisurely engross into your book.

Furthermore, you can also go to Tracce coffee with your lover for the reason that it has enough private space for you to whisper to each other under the gentle lyrics of selected songs.

Trace has two floors. You are certainly impressed by red and black paintings of the second floor where you can watch Acoustic performances in the evening.

In spite of being situated in the building in which many families live, this pretty coffee shop still holds tarot card reading to satisfy the needs of its guests.  Noticeably, the shop offers foods and drinks that are priced at 1,5 – 2$. 

Address: Group N4, Lane 34, Van Bao Street, Ba Dinh District. 

Opening hours: 8 a.m - 10:30 p.m

Cu Xa

Situated in an old collective house on Ton That Tung Street, Cu Xa coffee house fascinates its guests by ancient significances that is different from that of Tracce. The coffee shop is decorated by old furniture and photos reminds us of our memorable childhood. In addition to drinks, it offers various kinds of junk food that used to be familiar with us when we were at primary or high school such as popcorn, sugared dry apricot and the “legendary” noodle of kids. How amazing!

It’s worth mentioning that the shop enables you to enjoy your free afternoon by pick up the pure and cool air of spring, leaning on the banisters to see “full-of-flower “bikes, or even, hearing the drums of school at the end of the school day and the peals of childish laughter of students. You must feel as if you were back to your sweet and priceless childhood with a free ticket.

Thus, it is undoubtedly an ideal place for friends hanging out, dating, working, or even studying. The price of drinks ranges from 10,000 to 35,000 VND

Address: A11 Khuong Thuong collective, Ton That Tung street, Dong Da district. 

Opening hours: 9 a.m - 10:30 p.m

Yupio Homemade

Like many other cafeterias, Yupio Homemade Cake lies on a collective house on Nui Truc Street.  Unlike others, however, this coffee shop has “younger” style and green cool air with many tree pots. Additionally, it attracts tourists with clever decoration, open-view window and wooden furniture. Moreover, you would probably “have a crush” on pretty and small decorations in different shapes and colors that make you feel as if you got lost in the Elvis world.

There are many kinds of cakes and drinks here, the flavored cotton candies, for instance. The price of a dish fluctuates from 1$ to 2$. 

Address: 20B, Nui Truc Street, Ba Dinh District.

Working hours: 9 a.m – 10 p.m.

Exploring The Stunning Ly Son Island at The Weekend

Spreading across the area of 10 square kilometers, 25 kilometers from the mainland, about an hour of traveling by boat from Sa Ky Port (Quang Ngai Province), the magnificent Ly Son Island is definitely an ideal destination for young guys who are engaged in traveling and those who love spending the weekend with their family.

Ly Son was originally separated from Binh Son district to be an independent Ly Son Island District. Ly Son Island consists of two Islets, namely is Lon (Big) Islet and Be (Small) Islet that are named after their sizes. 

Visiting this charming island, tourists definitely stay away from the hustle and bustle of the city and set aside all worries and concerns in life to indulge themselves into the pristine blue sea water, pick up the fresh sea breezes, saunter along the smooth sandy beach, and enjoy fresh seafood. Thus, give the island a try, you surely have unforgettable experiences after that. The ideal time to travel the island is from June to September when the sea is calm and the weather is sunny. 

The itinerary for the weekend vacation to Ly Son Island:

- Day 1:

+ 7 a.m: After having breakfast at Sa Ky, you get on a boat to the destination. It might take you an hour and a half to get there. The ticket is priced at 5$ per person.

+ 9 a.m: The boat docked at Ly Son Island, then you just need to walk to the harbor. There are a lot of guest houses right at the center of the island. These guesthouses provide air – conditioner, warm water, and priced at 250,000 VND / night (12 $).

+ 9:30 a.m: Hiring a motorbike at the guest house for 7$ / day to explore the island. You might travel around the island to get familiar with the terrain.

+ 10 a.m: Immersing yourself in the pure blue sea water and engaging in coral diving to explore the colorful coral reefs at Hang Cau. Additionally, you might also hire a round boat to admire the coral with only 3$ per person. 

+ 12 p.m: Take a shower with fresh water, then have lunch. You might full your stomach at restaurants right at the center of the island at an affordable price. Bear in mind, choose those that are clean and crowded with local residents.You definitely satisfy your “thirst” with coconut juice priced at only 20,000 VND / coconut.

+ 12: 45 p.m: Having a nap at the guest house.

+ 2 p.m: Visiting Hang pagoda, Water reservoir, Thoi Loi Mountain, Lighthouse, and Mu Cu island by motorbike.

+ 5 p.m: Back to the guest house to take a bath and take a short rest.

+ 6 p.m: Having dinner at the center of the island. You might treat yourself tasteful and fragrant grilled seafood such as lobster, squid, octopus, etc priced at only 500,000 VND / meal / per two people. Sound amazing!

+ 8 p.m: Sauntering along the beach to listen to the melodious song of the waves kissing the shore, pick up the fresh breezes blowing from the sea, and more importantly, fresh your mind.

- Day 2:

+ 5 a.m: Waking up in the early to watch the stunning sunrise at Mu Cu Island.

+ 7 a.m: Enjoying sour crab noodle soup and fish balls with only 20,000 VND / bowl.

+ 8 a.m: Boarding the boat to Be (Small) Island. It might take you 10 minutes to travel from Lon (Big) Island to Be (Small) Island. Visiting the island, you definitely indulge yourself into the smooth sandy beach and the charming scenery. 

+ 11 a.m: Getting on a boat back to Big island. You may explore the local market to buy garlics and fresh seafood as souvenirs for family and friends.

+ 12 p.m: Doing check  - out process, having lunch and then going to the beach.

+ 1:30 p.m: Arriving at the dock to come back to the mainland. 

+ 3 p.m: The boat docks at Sa Ky port (Quang Ngai). Back to your home and “completing” the journey of Ly Son Island exploration.

Discover Pindaya Cave in the State of Shan

According to ancient legend, the name “Pindaya” is derived from the word “Pinguya” (meaning: to catch the spider). There was once a giant spider to live in the cave. However, that spider was killed by bow by a prince after capturing the princess of that country into the cave. From then, the place was named Pindaya.

Only 100 kilometers from Inle, Pindaya cave is ranked top “must – visit” to foreign tourists, especially those from European countries. 

Located in the mountain that is 1,200 meters above sea level, the cave is characterized by hundreds-year-old banyan trees, spreading and covering an enormous space along both sides.

Interestingly, the stunning Pindaya cave looks like a temple from a distance. The path leading to the entrance of the cave is roofed so that visitors do not get wet in rainy days or get burn in hot day. Visiting the inside of the cave, you definitely see a significant number of the gilding and lacquering Buddha statues of various sizes. How amazing!

There is one thing interesting that visitors can travel by the elevator to reach the entrance of the pagoda and need to take off their sandals on the stairs when wandering around the pagoda. The gate of the pagoda definitely captures the attention of tourists by unique design and eye-catching souvenir stalls running along both sides. Legend has it that there are 8,000 Buddha statues in the cave that are built by the donation of Buddhism followers all over the world. Therefore, there is inscription describing the donation of the owner at the bottom of each statue. Stepping onto the cave, you are able to explore the whole cave thanks to luminescent brick – tiled trails that are very safe for visitors and “anti-slip” carpet spreading at the main path. Significantly, if you want to hold panoramic views of the whole cave and thousands of Buddha statues, you might climb up to the peak of the cave. 

Reaching the second layer of the cave, you would probably be “overwhelmed” by the airy space and the collection of thousands of the Buddha statues. These statues are alternately arranged with stalactites in the cave. Thus, they contribute to creating the sparkling look that promise to grasp the eyes of visitors right they set foot in. In other words, you might not “take your eyes” off them during your whole trip. In addition, the inside of the cave is also decorated with white lights so that visitors could observe and admire the statues easily. The stalactite connecting the ceiling of the cave to the ground along with the water dropping from that ceiling  accidentially provide tourists with amazing feeling. Moreover, there is also an area to be surrounded by of Buddha statues and a Dhrma Wheel (Dharmachakra, the symbol in Buddhism) in the front, which, according to the local residents people, can bring about good luck if they go around 7 times. The entrance fee to Pindaya cave is US $ 3 per person and more 300 kyats for capturing photos.  

It’s worth mentioning that the locals do not burn incense in the cave, they offer fresh flowers instead. As a result, almost businessmen around the pagoda sell souvenirs instead of diverse offerings that are sold in front of the temple in Vietnam.

To meet the growing needs of visitors, the airy and “eyes – catching” restaurants followed traditional offers typical dishes of Myanmar at reasonable prices.

A wonderful day on Tuyen Lam Lake

I did visit the charming Tuyen Lam lake during the memorable vacation with my family. Setting foot in the lake, I was immediately astonished by the mysterious beauty of the lake, so I make full use of time to grasp beautiful moments and scene.

Nestled in the middle of the immense pine forest, spreading across over an area of 360 hectares, 1,000 meters above sea level, 5 kilometers from the city of Dalat, the “mysterious” Tuyen Lam lake is an undoubtedly ideal place for travel, relaxation or even sport activities.

Featuring the tranquil and peaceful scenery, Tuyen Lam lake has magic to “mesmerize” visitors for the first time they get there. The images rolling waves that move gently and rustic boats floating at the middle of the lake surely capture the eyes of tourists when they stroll along the lake sides. 

Get there, you should greet the stunning sunset on the small the fishing boat, a poetic painting that you have ever admired at the exhibitions of famous painters. This promise to be one of the unforgettable experiences during your visit to the lake. 

There is one thing interesting that the lake is full of water during 6 - month dry season with no rain. Moreover, the surface of the lake is calm, blue, and clear all year round, so it is compared to a giant natural mirror created by the mother nature. Giving the surroundings a look, you definitely “fall in love” with the lush pine forest covering the nearby mountain and hills. Then, all of them blend together together to form a “ breath – taking” peaceful and romantic painting. Give it a try!

Exploring the Charming Pyu Ancient Cities

The Pyu Ancient City is actually the remains of three brick, walled, and moated cities of Halin, Beikthano and Sri Ksetra located in vast irrigated landscapes in the dry zone of the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) River basin. Pyu had its own language and written script which was derived from Brahmi of ancient India. In terms of culture, Pyu’s culture was heavily influenced by trade with India, importing Buddhism as well as other cultural, architectural and political concepts. Significantly, each of the cities had extensive monastic quarters.

The Pyu Ancient Cities are the common name for the Pyu states that existed in central and northern regions of the modern Myanmar, dating from the 1st century BC to 840 AD. The history of Pyu city - states is discovered by the document and the Chinese records of Pyu states.

The Pyu Ancient Cities provide the earliest testimony of the introduction of Buddhism into Southeast Asia also two thousand years ago and the attendant economic, socia – political and cultural transformations which resulted in the rise of the first, largest, and longest – lived urbanized settlements of the region until the 9th century. The Pyu showed a striking capacity to assimilate Indic influences and swiftly move into a significant degree of re – invention.

The Pyu are one of the ancestors of the Burmese. The Pyu people immigrated into Myanmar around the 1st century BC, but there are records of the time that show that they arrived in Myanmar more earlier. They founded 5 states namely Binnaka, Mongamo, Sri Ksetra, Peikthanomyo, Kutkhaing in the northern region. Additionally, they set up Halin gyo Thanlwin Coastal area in the east and Martaban Bay in the south.

At the early period, the trade route from China to India passed Myanmar. During the year of 97 to 121, the Roman delegation to China followed the road route through Myanmar. However, the Pyu citizens chose another route, they traveled along Ayeyarwaddy river to Shri Ksertra river, and then went along the sea road to the west of to reach India and to the east to get to the islands of Southeast Asia.
According to the preserving Chinese historical document, there are 18 Pyu states, nine of which were walled city, covering 298 districts. The Pyu states are human and peaceful, more importantly, they have a prosperous life and rich culture. Significantly, Pyu states seemed not to deal with war or conflict. Their disputes ( if any) were solved by martial competiton of level playing field and construction contest. Interestingly, they decided to wear clothes made of cotton instead of silk in order not to kill the silkworm.

Regarding the legislation, those that breach the law is fined or suffered imprisonment, or even face the death penalty if they commit a serious offense. The Pyu people worshipped the Buddhism, so all children were educated in the monasteries from the age of 7 until the age of 20. According to historians, although Pyu city – states did not unify into a kingdom, more “dynamic” cities “ruled” the economic and development of the Kingdom and received tributes from the smaller cities. Among them, the most powerful city must be Sri Ksetra.

Of the 18 major cities in China, there were both well - developed and less - developed city, according to Chinese records. So far, scientists have not found out the first city and its time of foundation at the same time. They have just confirmed that the first city was established before the year of 94  because of the milestone indicating the change of the dynasty.

In the 7th century, the Pyu people moved their capital northward Halingyi in the dry region, leaving Shri Ksetra as a secondary commercial center in the south. However, the new capital of the north was invaded by the kingdom in the South at the middle of the 9th century. Thus, that event “triggered” the destruction of the Pyu ancient cities.

The Ancient Pyu Cities are recognized as World cultural heritage site by following criterion:

Criterion (ii): Due to the interaction between indigenous Pyu societies with Indic cultures from the 2nd century BCE, Buddhism achieved its first permanent foothold in Southeast Asia among the Pyu cities, where it was embraced by all classes of society from the ruling elite to agrarian laborers. Marked by imposing memorial stupas and other sophisticated forms of brick ritual structures, the Pyu Ancient Cities provide the earliest evidence of the emergence of these innovative architectural forms in the region, some of which have no known prototypes. The development of Pyu Buddhist urban culture had widespread and enduring impact throughout Southeast Asia, providing stimulus for later state formation after the 5th century CE following the onward transmission of Buddhist teaching and monastic practice into other parts of mainland Southeast Asia.

Criterion (iii): The Pyu Ancient Cities marked the emergence of the first historically-documented Buddhist urban civilization in Southeast Asia. The establishment of literate Buddhist monastic communities arose in tandem with the re-organization of agricultural production, based on expert management of seasonally-scarce water resources and the specialized production of manufactured goods in terracotta, iron, gold, silver and semi-precious stones both for veneration and for trade. Buddhism underpinned the construction of religious monuments in brick through royal and common public patronage, marked by the shift to permanent materials from earlier timber building techniques. The Pyu developed unique mortuary practices using burial urns to store cremated remains in communal funerary structures. Trading networks linked the Pyu ancient cities with commercial centers in Southeast Asia, China and India. Through this network Buddhist missionaries carried their Pali-based teaching into other areas of mainland Southeast Asia.

Criterion (iv): Technological innovations in resource management, agriculture, and manufacturing of brick and iron at the Pyu Ancient Cities created the preconditions leading to significant advances in urban planning and building construction. These innovations resulted in the rise of the three earliest, largest, and most long-lived Buddhist urban settlements in all of Southeast Asia.  The Pyu cities’ urban morphology set a new template of extended urban format characterized by massive gated walls surrounded by moats; a network of roads and canals linking urban space within the walls with extensive areas of extramural development, containing civic amenities, monumental religious structures defined by towering stupas and sacred water bodies. At or near the center of each ancient city was an administrative compound containing the palace marking the cosmic hub of the Pyu political and social universe.

There are three Pyu ancient cities to be recognized the World Cultural Heritages, namely Halin, Beikthano and Sri Ksetra. These are prominent examples of trade, religious organizations, architectures and irrigation systems used in agriculture.


Located in the central region of Myanmar, Beikthano is also known as Vishnu City. The city might be the first capital of a cultural and political state in the history of Myanmar. The city spreads over an area of about 300ha, of which the length is  3000 meters and the width is 1000 meters. It’s worth mentioning that the walled city is surrounded by 6 meters – width wall system. Interestingly, the city has excavated many architectural ruins such as stupas, monasteries, walls, coins, decorative ceramics, cremation remains, etc. 


Situated in Mu valley in the central region of Myanmar, Hanlin ancient city is also known as Halingyi. At the same time, the city is one of the largest irrigated areas in Myanmar. Spreading across an area of 664 hectares at the shape of a rectangle. The citadel features 4 main gates and 12 doors and is surrounded by a river or canal.

Sri Ksetra

Nestled to the south of the Pyu Kingdom, Sri Ksetra is also known as Thayekhittaya. The city is thought to be founded in the 7th  or 8th century. Additionally, it might serve as the capital of two or three dynasties, including the Vikrama dynasty, which created the Pyu calendar, which later became the official calendar of Myanmar.

Spreading across an area of about 1400 hectares, surrounded by 4.5 meters - high wall, this ancient city is characterized by 12 entrances and four temples placed at five corners of the citadel. Interestingly,  palaces, monasteries, and houses are located in the southern half of the city. Therefore, the whole of the north captures the attention of tourists by the fields which “’distribute” foods for the whole country when it is surrounded or attacked by the enemy. There is one thing interesting that this route is thought to be the road to India for the purpose of asking for the Buddhist scripture in 648.

Among the ruins, three “’worthy – visiting” tower temples including Bawbawgyi, Payagyi, and Payama.

Additionally, the ruins of the towers, Bebe for instance and stone sculptures related to the Buddhist Hindu are founded here.

Best Places for Check–in during Your Trip to Bao Loc

Tree house at Dam B'ri waterfall tourist site

Nestled behind the hills of tea, strawberry, and coffee, Dam B'ri Waterfall tourist site was cleverly created by the mother nature. Featuring the 60 meters – high waterfall in which huge masses of water cascade from the up down all day long, create a mysterious and spectacular scene. Get there, you have a chance to indulge yourself into the charming nature and engage in interesting outdoor activities, especially staying in the tree houses.

Leaning on the ancient tree, 3 meters above the ground, the tree house promises to provide visitors with memorable experiences when visiting here.  Bear in mind, the house is priced at 800,000 VND (40$) / night / 2 people including breakfast, coffee, and soft drinks.

The beautiful Linh Quy Phap An Pagoda

Lying in the Bao Lam commune, Lam Dong, Linh Quy Phap An Pagoda (so-called Phap An Son) has been favorably named the “God’s gate” because of its breathtaking beauty at sunrise.

Phap An Son is located on a high mountain of Loc Thanh Commune, Bao Lam District. Although it is about 20 kilometers from the center of Bao Loc city, many visitors, especially young ones get there to greet the charming dawn in the early morning.

Especially, the number of visitors to the Pagoda increases quickly at the weekend. Even, many of them ask the monks to sleep overnight to see the sunrise the next day.

Thanh Hai (Ho Chi Minh City) cheerfully said: "I spend my whole weekend visiting the pagoda with friends and asking the monks to stay here overnight to recite and meditate, then, welcome the dawn next morning. The charming and peaceful scene of Phap An Son seems to have magics that keep you away from worries and tiredness”.

It will be a big regret if you don’t watch the sunrise from the ideal position, Quan Chieu Duong when visiting this “appalling” pagoda. This so-called "Heaven Gate" will offer you a panoramic view of Bao Lam and Bao Loc.

In the early morning, you must be deeply in love with the cloudy and majestic hills and mountains. Therefore, don’t miss the best time to greet the dawn from 5:30 to 6:30 every day.

According to some travelers, this dry season (from February to June) is an ideal time to watch the “alluring” sunrise. Therefore, if you a hunger for travel, you should make full use of this period to take memorable pictures with friends and relatives.

To reach Phap An Son, “far-away” travelers could take a short break in Bao Loc city (on National road 20 connecting Ho Chi Minh City and Da Lat), then drive along Highway 55 (from Dai Binh intersection) to Loc Thanh commune and ask the local the way to for hamlet 4, Loc Thanh commune.
You can park your motorbike at a local’s house at the foot of the mountain, or even you drive your motorbike to the parking area of the pagoda and walk up to the mountain (about 1km) to receive the dawn.

If you want to stay overnight, you could get there in the evening, ask the monks for eating, chanting and meditating with them. There are blankets available for pilgrims who wish to sleep in the pagoda at night.

However, you should follow the rules of the pagoda when visiting to avoid disturbing the monks.

Dam B'ri Dam

Located in Loc Tan Commune, Bao Lam District, 18 kilometers from the city of Bao Loc, Dam B’ri Dam is regionally famous for the turquoise blue sea water and the charming scenery that promise to “mesmerize” visitors right they set foot in. Therefore, it is undoubtedly an ideal destination for those, especially young travelers who want to stay away from the hustle and bustle of the city, set aside all concerns and worries in life at the same time.

Spreading across an area of 20 hectares, the blue water surface of the lake enables tourists to “travel the sea” right in a mountainous town. It’s worth mentioning that the dam still preserves and conserves its significances, so you definitely explore the pristine nature. However, the road leading to the dam is quite difficult to access, so you need to be careful to get there.